System Planning & Operational Studies

We provide engineering services to assist system planners and operators in the following areas:

  • Studies aimed at defining operating guidelines;
  • Black start procedures — studies to support new black start procedures;
  • Area interconnection studies, including load flow, stability, and voltage control;
  • Tie line transfer limits;
  • Out-of-step relay designs;
  • TOV and switching studies, network resonance studies;
  • Weak grid interconnection studies;
  • Wind interconnection studies (onshore and offshore);
  • Interconnecting solar farms.